Berlin - Touristic Guide


Berlin Berlin is the capital and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. With a population of 3.4 million in its city limits, Berlin is the country's largest city, and the second most populous city in the European Union.
 It constitutes one of the Land (federal states) of the Germany, and is therefore one city state.
 Berlin is situated in the part orients them of the Germany, to 70 km from the Polish border. It is situated in the geographic region of the Brandeburg, but not ago part of the homonym of the Land, from which moreover it is entire encircled.
 The city has one surface much immense one, of 892 km². The extension in sense north-south is of 38 km, in East-West sense of 45 km.

 The center of Berlin rises on the rivers of the Sprea, in a width goes them of glacial origin (Berliner Urstromtal) between plateaus of Barnim and Teltow, oriented in East-West sense.
 In the outlying area of Spandau the Sprea sfocia in the Havel, that north slides in direction south, forming the lagos Tegeler See and Grosser Wannsee. In the part it orients them is found instead the Müggelsee. The lagos Berliners, in the summery months, are a lot attend to you from bathing.
 To the inside of the city territory there are some heights: the greater one is the Müggelberg, in the quarter omonimo, that it catches up a height of 114 m s.l.m. Many heights have been realized with the ruins of the buildings bombed during the second world war, and arranged green public.

Berlin Berlin born probably like comerciale village of Slavic origin in XII the century, correspondence of a island of the Sprea. Originally there were two distinguished cities: Berlin, to east of the river, and Cölln, on the island, that they came re-united in 1307.
  Unfortunately, a lot is not reached to us from those ancient communities. Today instead, the impression that is had visiting Berlin is that one of a great discontinuity, that it visibly reflects the many sconvolgimenti of the German history of XX the century.
 In the centuries succeeded to you, Berlin more and more acquired importance on the other cities of the Brandeburg: in the 1451 became the residence of Brandeburg, from 1701 understood them of the reign of Prussia, from 1871 understood them of the Germanic Empire. In the 1920 they came contained by many common and surrounding cities, creating Great Berlin, third city to the world for number of inhabitants.

 Understood them of the nazi Germany, it was one of the main objects of the allies bombardments during the second world war.
 To the end of the war it was uniform in four zones of occupation, and therefore uniform in two concurrent parts, the three western fields (Berlin the West) and the Soviet field (East Berlin). While East Berlin became understood by German Democratic Republic, Berlin the West was a enclave of the Federal Republic, and the western world, beyond the Iron Curtain.
 In 13 August 1961 the government of the East Germany raised the Berlin wall, dismantled 9 November 1989.
  With the German re-unification, Berlin is returned to being the understood one them of the united Germany.